10 Ways to ask How Are You in Korean & How to Respond (2023)

10 Ways to ask How Are You in Korean & How to Respond (1)

How are you?

Good? Good! You’re here because you want to ask How are you in Korean.

This is a super-important question to know.

You’ll learn 10 ways to ask it and you will also learn how to respond in Korean.

Sound good? Good!

10 Ways to ask How Are You in Korean & How to Respond (2)

Part 1 – Formal Vs Informal

First, you know that Korean has two main speech forms, right?Formaland Informal.

  • Formal speech [존댓말 ( John-Daet-Mal ) ]
    • Formal speech is a polite form of speech that you use when speaking to strangers, elders, or someone of a higher position at work. You must always use formal speech in the service industry when communicating with customers or clients, or in business settings.
  • Informal speech [반말 ( Ban-Mal ) ]
    • Informal speech is a speech that you use when talking to friends, family, and to people who are your age or younger. Remember, it is rude to use informal speech when you are talking to strangers, elders, or those of higher position than you at work.

You will learn both ways of asking How are You in Korean.

Part 2 – Audio Lesson to Help You Learn Korean

Want to learn Korean? Here’s an audio lesson (on how to greet others in Korean) that will get you speaking the language.

Just press the play button on the player below.

This lesson came from KoreanClass101, a Korean language learning program and website.

Click here to visit KoreanClass101 for more fun & easy lessons.

Part 3 – How to Say How Are You in Korean

1. How are you?

10 Ways to ask How Are You in Korean & How to Respond (3)

(Video) Learn the Top 10 Responses to "How are you?" in Korean - Korean Vocabulary


어떻게 지내세요?

Eo-tteoh-ke Ji-nae-se-yo?


어떻게 지내?

Eo-tteoh-ke Ji-nae?

This is the most basic way to ask how are you in Korean.

Do you see the “yo” at the end of the first example?

Sentences written in formal speech often end with ~(yo).

That’s something you should remember.

Now, let’s break these phrases down. Here are the words you should know.

  • 어떻게 (Eo-tteoh-ke) = How
  • 지내다(Ji-nae-da) = to spend time or live. You can also use 계시다(Gae-Shi-da) which means the same thing but is only used in formal speech.
  • 어떻게 지내세요 in literal translation is ‘how have you been spending your time’, which basically means ‘how are you’.

How can you respond to this question?

Basic Responses


I am fine

저는 지냈어요

Jeo-neun Jal Ji-nae-sseo-yo

I am not fine

저는 지냈어요

Jeo-neun Jal Mot Ji-nae-sseo-yo


I am fine

나는 지냈어

Na-neun Jal Ji-nae-sseo

I am not fine

나는 지냈어

Na-neun Jal Mot Ji-nae-sseo

Here are the words you should know.

  • (jal) = well.
  • (Mot) = bad.
  • 하다(Ha-da) = to do.
    • So for example, if you say 잘하다(Jal-ha-da), it means ‘to do something well’.
    • If you write 못하다(Mot-ha-da) it means ‘to do something poorly/badly’.
  • 지냈어요 means ‘have been doing well’
  • (Jeo)= ‘I/Me’ used in formal speech
  • (Nah)=’I/Me’ used in informal speech

Now that you know how to ask How are You in Korean, let’s learn some other variations.

You can ask someone how they’ve been in Korean.

2. How have you been?

10 Ways to ask How Are You in Korean & How to Respond (4)


어떻게 지내셨어요?

Eo-tteoh-ke Ji-nae-shuh-sseo-yo?


어떻게 지냈어?

Eo-tteoh-ke Ji-nae-sseo?

Advanced Responses


I am So-so

저는 그저 그렇게 지냈어요

Jeo-neun Geu-jeo Geu-reo-keh Ji-nae-sseo-yo

How about you?




I am So-so

나는 그저 그렇게 지냈어

Na-neun Geu-jeo Geu-reo-keh Ji-nae-sseo

How about you?



Words to know:

  • 당신 (Dang-shin) = ‘You’ used in formal speech.
  • (Neo)= ‘You’ used in informal speech.
  • 그저 그래 (Geu-jeo-geu-rae) = so-so

3. Have you been well?

10 Ways to ask How Are You in Korean & How to Respond (5)

(Video) 10 Ways to Say "You" in Korean

Want to know if they’ve been doing well? Use these Korean questions.


안녕히 계셨어요?

An-nyoung-hee Gae-shuh-sseo-yo?



Jal it-sseot-sseo?

Words to know:

  • 안녕히 (Ahn-nyoung-hee) means the same thing as (Jal);
  • It which means well/good, but 안녕히 (Ahn-nyoung-hee) is only used in formal speech.
  • 계시다(Gae-Shi-da) = to spend time or live. This word has the same meaning as ‘지내다’ (Ji-nae-da), but 계시다 (Gae-shi-da) is only used in formal speech.
  • 있었어 = to be (standard past tense)

Answering this question is simple. You can say either yes or no.

Basic Responses













Words to know:

  • (Yes/ok) – used only in formal speech
  • 아니오 (No) – used only in formal speech
  • (Eung/ok) – used only in informal speech
  • 아니 (No) – used only in informal speech

4. Have you been well? (2)


안녕히 지내셨어요?

An-nyoung-hee Ji-nae-shuh-sseo-yo?



Jal Ji-naet-sseo?

10 Ways to ask How Are You in Korean & How to Respond (6)

Advanced Responses


I’ve been busy

저는 바쁘게 지냈어요

Jeo-neun Ba-bbeu-gae Ji-naet-sseo-yo


I’ve been busy

나는 바쁘게 지냈어

Na-neun Ba-bbeu-gae Ji-naet-sseo

Words to know:

  • 바쁘다(Ba-bbeu-da) : Busy

5. Have you been well? (3)

With this specific question, you want to know if they have been well during the time you two have been apart.


그동안 계셨어요?

Geu-dong-ahn Jal Gae-shut-sseo-yo?


그동안 있었어?

Geo-dong-ahn Jal It-sseot-seo?

10 Ways to ask How Are You in Korean & How to Respond (7)

Words to know:

  • 그동안 (geu-dong-ahn) = in the meantime
  • 그동안 계셨어요? Means ‘have you been well in the meantime (while we haven’t seen each other)’?
  • Basic Responses


Yes, I have been very well

, 저는 지냈어요

Nae, Jeo-neun Jal Ji-nae-sseo-yo


Yes, I have been very well

, 나는 있었어

Eung, Na-neun Jal Ji-nae-sseo

6. Have you been well? (4)

The following questions are asking whether any significant events or incidents have happened in the meantime ever since the last time you saw each other.

‘Have you been well (without any significant events/incidents)?’

(Video) Learn the 10 Ways to Say Hello in Korean


그동안 없으셨어요?

Geu-dong-ahn Byul Il Ub-eu-shut- sseo-yo?


그동안 없었어?

Geu-dong-ahn Byul Il Ub-seo-sseo?

10 Ways to ask How Are You in Korean & How to Respond (8)

Words to know:

  • (Byul Il) means any events, incidents.
  • 없다 = to not exist
  • 별일 없다 = There isn’t any significant events/indicents/happenings.

Basic Responses


No, I am fine (without any events/incidents/happenings)

아니요, 저는 별일 없었어요

Ah-ni-yo, Jeo-neun Byul Il Ub-sseot-seo-yo


No, I am fine (without any events/incidents/happenings)

아니, 나는 별일 없었어

An-ni, Na-neun Byul Il Ub-sseot-seo

7. What have you been up to?


뭐하고 지내셨어요?

Mwo-ha-go Ji-nae-shut-sseo-yo?


뭐하고 지냈어?

Mwo-ha-go Ji-naet-seo?

10 Ways to ask How Are You in Korean & How to Respond (9)

Words to know:

  • (Mwo) = What

Advanced Responses


I have been learning Korean

저는 한국어를 공부하며 지냈어요

Jal Ji-naet-seo-yo

I have been learning English

저는 영어를 공부하며 지냈어요

Jal Mot Ji-naet-seo-yo


I have been learning Korean

한국어 공부하며 지냈어

Jal Ji-naet-seo

I have been learning English

영어 공부하며 지냈어

Jal Mot Ji-naet-seo

Words to know:

  • 공부(Gong-bu) = study
  • 하다 – to ~(verb)
  • 공부하다 (Gong-bu-ha-da) = to study

8. Long time no see!







10 Ways to ask How Are You in Korean & How to Respond (10)

Words to know:

  • 오랜만 (Oh-raen-man) means ‘after a long time’.
  • 오랜만이에요/오랜만이야 means ‘It’s been a long time (since we haven’t seen each other). It is an expression you use when you are greeting someone you haven’t seen for a long time.



Yes, It’s been a long time!

, 오랜만이에요!

Nae, oh-ren-man-e-eh-yo


Yes, It’s been a long time!

, 오랜만이야

Eung, Oh-ren-man-e-ya

9. I missed you!

You’re right, this is not a literal “How are you in Korean” phrase. But, you would say this when greeting someone, right? And, if you miss them, you do want to know how they are now, right? So, you can use it too.

Anyway, knowing how to say I miss you in Korean is important too.







10 Ways to ask How Are You in Korean & How to Respond (11)


Words to know:

  • 보고싶다 (Bo-go-sib-da) means ‘I miss you’.

How can you respond if someone tells you they miss you?


Me too!



Me too, I missed you!

저도요, 저도 보고싶었어요!

Jeo-do-yo, Jeo-do Bo-go-sip-peu-sseo-yo


Me too!



Me too, I missed you!

나도, 나도 보고싶었어!

Na-do, Na-do Bo-go-sip-peu-sseo

Words to know:

  • (Do) that comes after a noun means ‘too/as well’.
  • 저도=Me too/as well (in formal speech)
  • 나도 = Me too/as well (in informal speech)

10. Have you eaten?

This is also not an exact “how are you in Korean” phrase. Seems strange right?

10 Ways to ask How Are You in Korean & How to Respond (12)

In Korean culture, it is very common to ask ‘have you eaten?’ as a way of saying ‘how are you?’, usually when greetings are happening around lunch, or dinner time.


식사 하셨어요?

Sik-sa Ha-shut-uh-yo?



Bab muk-ut-sseo?

Words to know:

  • (Bab) = Rice/Meal (Informal speech)
  • 식사(Sik-Sa) = Meal (Formal speech)
  • 먹다 = to eat

Let’s answer this question.


Yes, I have

, 먹었어요

Nae, muk-uht-seo-yo

No, not yet

아니요, 아직이요

Ah-ni-yo, ah-jik-e-yo


Yes, I have

, 먹었어


No, not yet

아니, 아직

An-ni, ah-jik

Words to know:

  • 아직 (Ah-jik) = Not yet.

Now you are ready to ask people how they are in Korean!

Plus, you also know how to respond if I ask you how you are.

Leave a comment down below and tell me how you care.

– The Main Junkie

P.S. I highly recommend this for Korean learners.If you REALLY want to learn Korean with effective lessons by real teachers –Sign up for free at KoreanClass101 (click here)and start learning!

(Video) Learn Korean - How to Greet People in Korean

10 Ways to ask How Are You in Korean & How to Respond (13)


How do you respond to Arraso? ›

Araso – 아랐어

In conversation, respond with araso to let someone know you understand what they're saying. If you don't understand and need clarification, you can say arasoyo (아랐어요).

How do you reply to Annyeonghaseyo? ›

Often, it might happen that before a person responds to your greeting by also saying 'annyeonghaseyo', they say '네' (yes), to answer that they are fine. Sometimes, older people or those with higher rank than the speaker will just respond with a firm yes, so don't worry if they don't complete the whole greeting.

How do you respond to Anieyo? ›

2. 괜찮아요 (gwaenchanayo) Literally meaning “it's alright” or “its okay,” 괜찮아요 (gwaenchanayo) can also be used when saying “you're welcome.” If you want, you combine this with 아니에요 (anieyo) and say 아니에요, 괜찮아요 (anieyo, gwaenchanayo).

What is Gwenchana? ›

1. I'm / it's Okay. This first meaning can be used in many different situations and we express it with the word gwenchanta (괜찮다), which is the dictionary form. You can use this to answer when someone asks you how you are or describing something acceptable or adequate, something that's not bad but could be better.

What is the meaning of JAL GA? ›

If someone else is leaving, use Jal ga (잘 가), which means 'go well'.

What does Ottoke mean? ›

Ottoke?! This expression means “What should I do now?!” This is usually used when you're in a difficult situation. For example: I forgot where I put my Alien Registration Card. Ottoke?! (What should I do now?!)

What is Jinjja in Korean? ›

진짜 • (jinjja) really; actually.

What is Arayo in Korean? ›

1.2 Standard “I Know” in Korean. 1.2.1 1. 알아요 (arayo)

What is Sumida Korean? ›

Basically, it means “thank you.”

What does Annyeong Hashimnikka mean? ›

안녕하십니까 (annyeong hashimnikka) Good evening. (Evening greeting)

Is Annyeong hello or goodbye? ›

Is “annyeong” hello or goodbye? 안녕 (annyeong) is the informal way of saying hello. However, it can also be used as an informal way of saying “bye.” You can't use it with anybody, though, so be mindful of who you're saying it to.

What is Cheonman Eyo? ›

천만에요 (Cheonmaneyo)

We'll this is the right phrase to say. It is a formal way to say You're welcome in Korean if you want to take it to a higher level.

How do you reply to Kamsahamida? ›

Learn Korean - Thank You & You're Welcome in Korean - YouTube

How do BTS say thank you in Korean? ›

Say 감사합니다 (gam-sa-ham-ni-da) in most settings. This is the most common way to say "thank you" in Korean.

What is Bogoshipo Korean? ›

So let's take a look at how to say I miss you in Korean. The most common way is to say bogoshipo (보고 싶어) and if you want to make it more polite you can say bogoshipoyo (보고 싶어요).

What does Chincha mean in Korean? ›

진짜 (chincha) | “really; truly

What is the meaning of Mianhaeyo? ›

(mianhaeyo.) is the least formal way to say “I am sorry.” It's not often used, but you will hear this expression a lot in Korean dramas. Just note that 미안해요. (mianhaeyo.) is another option for apologizing.

How do you say bye in Korean? ›

We first learned how to say goodbye when someone is leaving: Casual – 잘 가 (jal-ga) Polite – 안녕히 가세요 (annyeonghee gaseyo) Formal – 안녕히 가십시오 (annyeonghee gasipshio)

How do you end call in Korean? ›

In this context, “들어가세요”, which means 'Please go back home carefully,' sounds natural, right? Since then, “들어가세요” has been used as a replacement for 'goodbye' on the phone in Korea.

How do you say goodnight in Korean? ›

How to say "Goodnight / Sleep Well" in Korean - Learn Korean Ep12

What is OMO in BTS? ›

Omo: This is short for "omona" and means "oh, my."

What does pali pali mean in Korean? ›

“Pali-pali” is the Korean's constant desire to do everything quickly and effectively in order to achieve the greatest success.

Why do Koreans say OMO? ›

“Omo” in Korean

The word “omo” is another common romanization for 어머. This word still means “oh my god” in Korean.

What is hajima in Korean? ›

hajima (하지마 ) literally means don't do it.

What is Aigoo English? ›

Aigoo. Aigoo / 아이구: Geez, oh no, oops. Can be used in many different contexts, but usually it's used to show frustration.

What is Neomu Korean? ›

너무 • (neomu) (in negative contexts) too, excessively. (in positive contexts) so, very, extremely.

What does Algesseumnida mean? ›

알겠습니다 (algesseumnida) I understand.

How do you say OK in Korean? ›

How to say OKAY in Korean. What does GWENCHANA ... - YouTube

What is saranghae in BTS? ›

사랑해 (saranghae) = I love you (casual) Spoken between lovers and friends. Best used with people you are really close with and who are the same age or younger than you! 사랑행 (saranghaeng) = I love you (cute, casual) 사랑해용 (saranghaeyong) = I love you (more polite)

How do you greet in Korean? ›

Koreans say “안녕하세요 [an nyeong ha seyo]?” while slightly bowing their head when they greet others. “안녕하세요?”is used interchangeably to say “Hi, hello, good morning/afternoon/evening”. You can simply say “안녕?” when you are greeting your friends or a person younger than you.

How are you in Korean language informal? ›

The first way to say how are you in Korean in informal speech is 잘 지냈어? (Jal Jinae Sseo). If we break this sentence, 잘 (jal) means "well," 지냈어 (jinaesseo) means "to spend time or live" (informal). So, the phrase 잘 지냈어? (Jal Jinae Sseo) means How are you?

How say how are you? ›

10 other ways to say "How are you?"
  1. How are you doing?
  2. How have you been?
  3. How's everything?
  4. How's it going?
  5. How are things going?
  6. What's going on?
  7. What's new?
  8. What's up?

How are you doing? ›

“How are you doing?” can be used to ask about a person's health and well-being. It can also be used as a greeting or for an update on the progress someone is making in a task. “How are you doing?” is usually used in informal settings but can also be used in formal settings when asking for an update on a task.

What is ANYO in Korean? ›

아니오 (anio) This is the old style of saying “no,” often used in traditional Korean dramas. It's part of an older style of speaking.

What is Annyeong Hashimnikka? ›

안녕하십니까 (annyeong hashimnikka) Good evening. (Evening greeting)

Is Annyeong hello or goodbye? ›

#7 안녕 (annyeong) - Informal “Bye” in Korean

Remember the word for “peace” it's 안녕 and you can use it as an informal or casual way to say “bye” in Korean. You can also use it to say “hello”, so it's a handy word to know! Plus, it's versatile. You can use it whether you're the one staying or leaving.

What is Juseyo? ›

1. 주세요 (juseyo) The usual way of saying “please” in Korean is 주세요 (juseyo). You can use it in most situations, for example, ordering food in a restaurant or asking a taxi driver to take you to the train station.

What is Chincha Korean? ›

Chincha is a typical korean expression translated as really, meaning surprise.

What is Sumida Korean? ›

Basically, it means “thank you.”

What are the basic Korean words? ›

Basic Phrases
  • neh. Yes.
  • ah-nee-oh. No.
  • jwe-song-ha-ji-mahn. Please.
  • gahm-sah-hahm-ni-da. Thank you.
  • chon-mahn-eh-yo. You're welcome.
  • sil-le-hahm-ni-da. Excuse me.
  • ahn-nyong-ha-se-yo. Good morning.
  • ahn-nyong-hee ga-se-yo. Good-bye.

How was your day reply? ›

"It's been okay." "Okay." "Could be better."

How U Doin meaning? ›

How you doin' or [hou yoo doo-ing] or [hou you doo-in] or [hou ya doo-in] is an informal greeting like How's it going. It is most commonly known as the signature line of character Joey Tribbiani from the sitcom Friends.

What's going on reply? ›

You could reply by saying 'Hey, how are you' or just start by talking about a different topic. So let's pretend someone says to me 'Hey Shane, what's going on', I could say to them 'Hey, did you see the movie last night? ' So the next time someone says 'woss goin' on' to you, you will know how to answer this correctly.

How do you respond to Hope all is well? ›

I am very well, thank you, and hope you are as well.” “Thank you, I'm fine, and I hope all is well with you too.” “Thank you for wishing me well. Hope you're doing well, too.”


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